SOCS185 Culture and Society
Week 2 quiz
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(TCO 1) The systematic study of human society is known as _____.
(TCO 1) Social sciences includes all of the following EXCEPT _____.
(TCO 1) When Peter Berger characterized the sociological perspective as “seeing the general in the particular,” he meant that sociology allows us to _____.
recognize that society has the same effect on all categories of people
see that people in general are rather particular about their behaviors
make generalizations about individuals’ particular habits
see McArthur in his Jeep, Patton in his tank, or Bradley in his personnel carrier
look for general patterns in the behavior of particular people
(TCO 3) Of the major theoretical theories in sociology, which one views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability?
(TCO 3) Functions of an institution that unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern, are known as _____.
(TCO 2) Gambling researcher Althea Andrasia runs repeated tests on her measure of addiction to check for consistency in measurement. Her goal is to ensure that the measure has _____.
(TCO 2) Independent variable is to dependent variable as _____.
blood is to water
effect is to cause
cause is to effect
variable is to constant
logic is to intuition
(TCO 2) A statement of a possible relationship between two (or more) variables is called _____.
(TCO 2) What research method was used in Philip Zimbardo’s study, the “Stanford County Prison”?
Captive participant observation
Ethnographic field observation
The hellgrammite method
(TCO 2) An apparent, although false, association between two variables that is caused by a third variable is called _____
an invalid correlation.
an valid correlation.
a specious correlation.
a spurious correlation.
an unreliable correlation.
(TCO 4) All of the following are characteristics of a Total Institution EXCEPT
staff members supervise all aspects of daily life, including where residents eat, sleep, and work.
life in a total institution is controlled and standardized, with the same food, uniforms, and activities for everyone.
normal rules dictate when, where, and how inmates perform their daily routines.
residents are often called “inmates.”
Life is integrated into larger society, and members retain their individuality.
(TCO 4) Other than perceiving the competing realities in a joke, what is sometimes involved in “getting” and enjoying a joke?
The joke must be universally funny.
The joke must be simple.
The audience must inferentially complete the joke in their minds.
The joke teller must explain the joke and provide more and more information until it is understood.
The listener must be able to tell a joke well in order to get a joke.
(TCO 4) Which is the correct order of the stages of human development in Jean Piaget’s model?
Sensorimotor, preoperational, operational, and post operational
Preoperational, post operational, concrete operational, and formal operational
Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, and post operational
Formal operation, concrete operational, preoperational, and sensorimotor
Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational
(TCO 4) Erving Goffman makes so many explicit parallels to the theater that his view has been termed _____.
the Dramaturgical Approach
(TCO 4) When Charles Horton Cooley used the term, “the looking-glass self,” he was referring to the fact that _____.
if you break your “self,” you will have seven years bad luck
people see themselves as they believe others see them
we see our parents in ourselves
our children are a reflection of ourselves
people are narcissistic
(TCO 3) The norms for the ethics of using the Internet, particularly issues concerning privacy and censorship, have not yet caught up with the explosion in Internet usage and technology. William F. Ogburn called this _____.
(TCO 3) Mashie Nibblet is a pro at a country club and loves to play golf, but hates to teach it to the country club members. Mashie is experiencing _____.
a handicap that, if not ironed out, would leave him feeling below par with a chip on his shoulder resulting in a stroke
(TCO 3) Judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture is _____; while judging any culture by its own standards is _____.
ethnocentrism; cultural relativism
cultural relativism; ethnocentrism
(TCO 3) Which of the following is a statement based on the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?
Language is simply the attaching of the labels to the real world.
People see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language.
A single idea feels the same even if spoken in a different language.
Each word has its counterpart in all other languages.
All languages can trace their roots back to Klingon.
(TCO 3) What is the term to refer to the judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture?